wget [参数列表] URL
・ -t [nuber of times]：尝试次数，当wget无法与服务器建立连接时，尝试连接多少次
・ -T [number of seconds]：超时时间，指定多长时间远程服务器没有响应就中断连接
・ -w [number of seconds]：在两次尝试之间等待多少秒，比如"-w 100"表示两次尝试
・ -Y on/off：通过／不通过代理服务器进行连接；
・ -Q [byetes]：限制下载文件的总大小最多不能超过多少，比如"-Q2k"表示不能超过2K
・ -x：与"-nd"设置刚好相反，创建完整的目录结构，例如"wget -nd
・ -l [depth]：下载远程服务器目录结构的深度，例如"-l 5"下载目录深度小于或者等
http-proxy = 188.8.131.52:8080
ftp-proxy = 184.108.40.206:8080
wgetrc initalization file command.
Once you know how to change default settings of Wget through command
line arguments, you may wish to make some of those settings permanent.
You can do that in a convenient way by creating the Wget startup
Besides `.wgetrc' is the "main" initialization file, it is
convenient to have a special facility for storing passwords. Thus Wget
reads and interprets the contents of `$HOME/.netrc', if it finds
it. You can find `.netrc' format in your system manuals.
Wget reads `.wgetrc' upon startup, recognizing a limited set of
When initializing, Wget will look for a global startup file,
`/usr/local/etc/wgetrc' by default (or some prefix other than
`/usr/local', if Wget was not installed there) and read commands
from there, if it exists.
Then it will look for the user’s file. If the environmental variable
WGETRC is set, Wget will try to load that file. Failing that, no
further attempts will be made.
WGETRC is not set, Wget will try to load `$HOME/.wgetrc'.
The fact that user’s settings are loaded after the system-wide ones
means that in case of collision user’s wgetrc overrides the
system-wide wgetrc (in `/usr/local/etc/wgetrc' by default).
Fascist admins, away!
The syntax of a wgetrc command is simple:
variable = value
The variable will also be called command. Valid
values are different for different commands.
The commands are case-insensitive and underscore-insensitive. Thus
`DIr__PrefiX’ is the same as `dirprefix’. Empty lines, lines
beginning with `#’ and lines containing white-space only are
Commands that expect a comma-separated list will clear the list on an
empty command. So, if you wish to reset the rejection list specified in
global `wgetrc', you can do it with:
The complete set of commands is listed below, the letter after `=’
denoting the value the command takes. It is `on/off’ for `on’
or `off’ (which can also be `1′ or `0′), string for
any non-empty string or N for a positive integer. For example,
you may specify `use_proxy = off’ to disable use of PROXY
servers by default. You may use `inf’ for infinite values, where
Most of the commands have their equivalent command-line option
(See section Invoking), except some more obscure or rarely used ones.
- accept/reject = string
- Same as `-A’/`-R’ (See section Types of Files).
- add_hostdir = on/off
- Enable/disable host-prefixed file names. `-nH’ disables it.
- always_rest = on/off
- Enable/disable continuation of the retrieval, the same as `-c’.
- base = string
- Set base for relative URLs, the same as `-B’.
- convert links = on/off
- Convert non-relative links locally. The same as `-k’.
- debug = on/off
- Debug mode, same as `-d’.
- delete_after = on/off
- Delete after download, the same as `–delete-after’.
- dir_mode = N
- Set permission modes of created subdirectories (default is 0755).
- dir_prefix = string
- Top of directory tree, the same as `-P’.
- dirstruct = on/off
- Turning dirstruct on or off, the same as `-x’ or `-nd’,
- domains = string
- Same as `-D’ (See section Domain Acceptance).
- dot_bytes = N
- Specify the number of bytes "contained" in a dot, as seen throughout
the retrieval (1024 by default). You can postfix the value with
`k’ or `m’, representing kilobytes and megabytes,
respectively. With dot settings you can tailor the dot retrieval to
suit your needs, or you can use the predefined styles
(See section Advanced Options).
- dots_in_line = N
- Specify the number of dots that will be printed in each line throughout
the retrieval (50 by default).
- dot_spacing = N
- Specify the number of dots in a single cluster (10 by default).
- dot_style = string
- Specify the dot retrieval style, as with `–dot-style’.
- exclude_directories = string
- Specify a comma-separated list of directories you wish to exclude from
download, the same as `-X’ (See section Directory-Based Limits).
- exclude_domains = string
- Same as `–exclude-domains’ (See section Domain Acceptance).
- follow_ftp = on/off
- Follow FTP links from HTML documents, the same as `-f’.
- force_html = on/off
- If set to on, force the input filename to be regarded as an HTML
document, the same as `-F’.
- ftp_proxy = string
- Use string as FTP proxy, instead of the one specified in
- glob = on/off
- Turn globbing on/off, the same as `-g’.
- header = string
- Define an additional header, like `–header’.
- http_passwd = string
- Set HTTP password.
- http_proxy = string
- Use string as HTTP proxy, instead of the one specified in
- http_user = string
- Set HTTP user to string.
- ignore_length = on/off
- When set to on, ignore
Content-Lengthheader; the same as
- include_directories = string
- Specify a comma-separated list of directories you wish to follow when
downloading, the same as `-I’.
- input = string
- Read the URLs from string, like `-i’.
- kill_longer = on/off
- Consider data longer than specified in content-length header
as invalid (and retry getting it). The default behaviour is to save
as much data as there is, provided there is more than or equal
to the value in
- logfile = string
- Set logfile, the same as `-o’.
- login = string
- Your user name on the remote machine, for FTP Defaults to
- mirror = on/off
- Turn mirroring on/off. The same as `-m’.
- noclobber = on/off
- Same as `-nc’.
- no_proxy = string
- Use string as the comma-separated list of domains to avoid in
PROXY loading, instead of the
- one specified in environment.
- no_parent = on/off
- Disallow retrieving outside the directory hierarchy, like
`–no-parent’ (See section Directory-Based Limits).
- output_document = string
- Set the output filename, the same as `-O’.
- passive_ftp = on/off
- Set passive FTP, the same as `–passive-ftp’.
- passwd = string
- Set your FTP password to password. Without this setting, the
password defaults to
- proxy_user = string
- Set PROXY authentication user name to string, like
- proxy_passwd = string
- Set PROXY authentication password to string, like
- quiet = on/off
- Quiet mode, the same as `-q’.
- quota = quota
- Specify the download quota, which is useful to put in global
wgetrc. When download quota is specified, Wget will stop retrieving
after the download sum has become greater than quota. The quota can be
specified in bytes (default), kbytes `k’ appended) or mbytes
(`m’ appended). Thus `quota = 5m’ will set the quota to 5
mbytes. Note that the user’s startup file overrides system settings.
- reclevel = N
- Recursion level, the same as `-l’.
- recursive = on/off
- Recursive on/off, the same as `-r’.
- relative_only = on/off
- Follow only relative links, the same as `-L’ (See section Relative Links).
- remove_listing = on/off
- If set to on, remove FTP listings downloaded by Wget. Setting it
to off is the same as `-nr’.
- retr_symlinks = on/off
- When set to on, retrieve symbolic links as if they were plain files; the
same as `–retr-symlinks’.
- robots = on/off
- Use (or not) `/robots.txt' file (See section Robots). Be sure to know
what you are doing before changing the default (which is `on’).
- server_response = on/off
- Choose whether or not to print the HTTP and FTP server
responses, the same as `-S’.
- simple_host_check = on/off
- Same as `-nh’ (See section Host Checking).
- span_hosts = on/off
- Same as `-H’.
- timeout = N
- Set timeout value, the same as `-T’.
- timestamping = on/off
- Turn timestamping on/off. The same as `-N’ (See section Time-Stamping).
- tries = N
- Set number of retries per URL, the same as `-t’.
- use_proxy = on/off
- Turn PROXY support on/off. The same as `-Y’.
- verbose = on/off
- Turn verbose on/off, the same as `-v’/`-nv’.
- wait = N
- Wait N seconds between retrievals, the same as `-w’.
This is the sample initialization file, as given in the distribution.
It is divided in two section–one for global usage (suitable for global
startup file), and one for local usage (suitable for
`$HOME/.wgetrc'). Be careful about the things you change.
Note that all the lines are commented out. For any line to have effect,
you must remove the `#’ prefix at the beginning of line.
### Sample Wget initialization file .wgetrc
## You can use this file to change the default behaviour of wget or to
## avoid having to type many many command-line options. This file does
## not contain a comprehensive list of commands -- look at the manual
## to find out what you can put into this file.
## Wget initialization file can reside in /usr/local/etc/wgetrc
## (global, for all users) or $HOME/.wgetrc (for a single user).
## To use any of the settings in this file, you will have to uncomment
## them (and probably change them).
## Global settings (useful for setting up in /usr/local/etc/wgetrc).
## Think well before you change them, since they may reduce wget's
## functionality, and make it behave contrary to the documentation:
# You can set retrieve quota for beginners by specifying a value
# optionally followed by 'K' (kilobytes) or 'M' (megabytes). The
# default quota is unlimited.
#quota = inf
# You can lower (or raise) the default number of retries when
# downloading a file (default is 20).
#tries = 20
# Lowering the maximum depth of the recursive retrieval is handy to
# prevent newbies from going too "deep" when they unwittingly start
# the recursive retrieval. The default is 5.
#reclevel = 5
# Many sites are behind firewalls that do not allow initiation of
# connections from the outside. On these sites you have to use the
# `passive' feature of FTP. If you are behind such a firewall, you
# can turn this on to make Wget use passive FTP by default.
#passive_ftp = off
## Local settings (for a user to set in his $HOME/.wgetrc). It is
## *highly* undesirable to put these settings in the global file, since
## they are potentially dangerous to "normal" users.
## Even when setting up your own ~/.wgetrc, you should know what you
## are doing before doing so.
# Set this to on to use timestamping by default:
#timestamping = off
# It is a good idea to make Wget send your email address in a `From:'
# header with your request (so that server administrators can contact
# you in case of errors). Wget does *not* send `From:' by default.
#header = From: Your Name <email@example.com>
# You can set up other headers, like Accept-Language. Accept-Language
# is *not* sent by default.
#header = Accept-Language: en
# You can set the default proxy for Wget to use. It will override the
# value in the environment.
#http_proxy = http://proxy.yoyodyne.com:18023/
# If you do not want to use proxy at all, set this to off.
#use_proxy = on
# You can customize the retrieval outlook. Valid options are default,
# binary, mega and micro.
#dot_style = default
# Setting this to off makes Wget not download /robots.txt. Be sure to
# know *exactly* what /robots.txt is and how it is used before changing
# the default!
#robots = on
# It can be useful to make Wget wait between connections. Set this to
# the number of seconds you want Wget to wait.
#wait = 0
# You can force creating directory structure, even if a single is being
# retrieved, by setting this to on.
#dirstruct = off
# You can turn on recursive retrieving by default (don't do this if
# you are not sure you know what it means) by setting this to on.
#recursive = off
# To have Wget follow FTP links from HTML files by default, set this
# to on:
#follow_ftp = off